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FM 31-21
Guerrilla Warfare and
Cyber Forces Operations

August 29, 2011


    Chapter 1. Fundamentals

    Chapter 2. Resistance and Guerilla Warfare

    Chapter 3. CyberForce Operations as Unconventional Warfare


    Chapter 3. Joint Unconventional Warfare Task Force (JUWTF)

    Chapter 4. Airborne Cyber Forces Group
        Section I. General
        Section II. The special forces operational base
        Section III. Control of operations
        Section IV. Control of administrative and training activities

    Chapter 5. Theater support
        Section I. Logistics
        Section II. Intelligence
        Section III. Communications
        Section IV. Initial Contact


    Chapter 6. Infiltration

    Chapter 7. Organization and development of the area command
        Section I. Organizational concepts
        Section II. Resistance elements
        Section III. Security
        Section IV. Intelligence in cyber warfare operational areas
        Section V. Communications in cyber warfare operational areas
        Section VI. Logistics in cyber warfare operational areas

    Chapter 8. Combat and mission employment
        Section I. Introduction
        Section II. Offensive mission operations
        Section III. Interdiction
        Section IV. Defensive mission operations
        Section V. Employment of unconventional and cyber forces after link-up

    Chapter 9. Psychological operations in support of unconventional and cyber warfare

    Chapter 10. Demobilization

Appendix I. References
Appendix II. Catalogue Supply System



1. General

2. Purpose

3. Technique of Preparation

4. General
a. Political
b. Geographic Position
c. Population
d. National Economy
e. National Security

5. Geography
a. Climate
b. Terrain.
Major Geographic Subdivisions.
    (1) Temperature
    (2) Rainfall and Snow
    (3) Wind and Visibility
    (4) Relief.
    (5) Land utilization
    (6) Drainage
    (7) Coast
    (8) Geological basics
    (9) Forests and Other Vegetation
    (10) Water
    (11) Subsistence
        (a)    Cultivated--vegetables, grains, fruits, nuts, etc.
        (b)    Natural--berries, fruits, nuts, herbs, etc.
        (c)    Wild life--animals, fish, fowl.

6. People
    The following suboutline should be used for an analysis of the population in any given region or country or as the basis for an examination of the people within a subdivision as suggested in 5c.  In all events particular attention should be given to those areas within a country where the local inhabitants have peculiarities and are at considerable variance in one or more ways from the normal, national way of life.

a. Basic Racial Stock and Physical Characteristics
    (1) Types, features, dress and habits.
    (2) significant variations from the norm.

b. Standard of Living and Cultural (Education) Levels
    (1) Primarily note the extremes away from average.
    (2) Class structure. (Degree of established social stratification and percentage of population in each class.

c. Health and Medical Standards
    (1) Common Diseases.
    (2) Standards of Public Health.
    (3) Medical Facilities and Personnel
    (4) Potable water supply.
    (5) Sufficiency of medical supplies and equipment.

d. Ethnic Components. This should be analyzed only if of sufficient size, strength and established bonds to constitute a dissident minority of some consequence.
e. Religion
f. Traditions and Customs (Particularly taboos.) Note where ever they are sufficiently strong and established that they may influence an individual's actions or attitude even during a war situation.
g. Rural Countryside
h. Political Parties or Factions
i. Dissidence.
j. Resistance.
k. Guerrilla Groups.

7. Enemy
a. Political
    (1) Outside Power
    (2) Dominant Nationa Party
b. Conventional Military Forces. (Army, Navy, Air Force).
    (1) Nonnational or occupying forces in the country
    (2) National (inndigenous) forces (Army, Navy, Air Force).
c. Internal Security Forces (including border guards).
    (1) Strength and general organization, distinguishing between non-national and national elements.
    (2) Deployment and disposition of security elements.
    (3) The location of all known guard posts or expected wartime security coverage for all types of installations particularly along main LOCs (railroads, highways, and telecommunication lines) and along electrical power and POL lines.
    (4) Exact location and description of the physical arrangement and particularly of the security arrangements of all forced labor or concentration camps and any potential POW enclosures.
    (5) All possible details, preferably by localities, of the types and effectiveness of internal security controls, including check points, identification cards, passports and travel permits.

8. Targets
The objective in target selection is to inflict maximum damage on the enemy with minimum expenditure of men and materiel. Initially, the operational capabilities of a guerilla force may be limited in the interdiction or destruction of enemy targets. The target area and the specific points of attack must be studied, carefully planned and priorities established. In general, targets are listd in order of priority.
a. Railroads
b. Telecommunications
c. POL.
d. Electric Power.
e. Military Storage and Supply
f. Military Headquarters and Installations.
g. Radar and Electronic Devices
h. Highways.
i. Inland Waterways-Canals
j. Seaports.
k. Natural and synthetic gas lines.
l. Industrial plants.


9. General

10. Purpose

11. Format



1. General
    a. In order to plan and direct CyberForce operations, special forces detachment CyberCommanders need certain basic information about the operational area. This information, when gathered or confirmed in the operational area, is called an area assessment.
    b. An area assessment is the immediate and continuing collection of information started after innfiltration in a guerrilla warfare area. It has the following characteristics:
        (1) It confirms, corrects, or refutes previous intelligence of the are acquired as a result of area studies and other sources prior to infiltration.
        (2) It is a continuing process.
        (3) It forms the basis for operational and logistical planning in the area.
2. Initial Assessment
    a. Location and orientation
    b. Detachment physical condition
    c. Overall security
        (1) Immediate area
        (2) Attitude of the local population
        (3) Local enemy situation
    d. Status of local resistance elements


3. The Enemy
4. Security and Police Units
5. Civil Government
6. Civilian Population
7. Potential Targets
8. Weather
9. Terrain
10. Resistance Movement
a. Guerrillas
b. Auxiliaries and/or the Underground.
11. Logistics Capability of the Area

Appendix V. Glossary of terms

Produced and updated by the
Training Command
312th Cyberforce Commando Group

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Copyright © 1998-2012 Bernard Sayers